Author: <span class="vcard">Rizkiy Tulehu</span>

Fixing Windshield Cracks

If you are going to use the kit these are the steps that will need to be taken.

  • The first step is to remove any loose debris in the crack and any glass. You can use a razor blade to scrape out the crack gently to make sure noting remains inside.
  • Wash your windshield to remove any leftover loose particles and shards of glass
  • After reading the instructions that came with the kit because each kit differs slightly. The main tool has suction cups, which are put over the windshield crack but make sure that you can still see the crack through the center of the tool.
  • Once you have the tool firmly in position apply resin into the center of the hole. The kit may contain an extra tool that will properly apply the resin and remove any air bubbles that appear after applying.
  • After filling in the crack it needs to completely dry. Do not remove the tool. You can let your car sit in a dry warm area to help harden the resin. The resin will be a clear thick mass after it has hardened that will stay firmly stuck in the windshield crack.
  • Once it has hardened you can remove the tool
  • Check the crack to see if you need to repeat the treatment. If it is a deep crack, you may need to do it again.
  • Once you are satisfied with the repair of the windshield cracks you should take a soft dry cloth and polish the area so the resin solution will match the glass around it as much as it can. If you were fixing a small crack it could become almost unrecognizable and appear new to the naked eye but if it is a large crack it could look slightly warped in the area where it was fixed.

Car Paint Protection

Nano ceramic coating is suitable for protecting painted motorcycle and car surfaces. It is a very thin coating of 700 to 1000nm and is soft from inside and very hard from outside. It is available in liquid form and is applied using supplied applicator. Usually, it requires a curing period of 48 hours to deliver unrivaled shine for the next three years. The nano-particles of the car paint protection liquid prevent sheen abuse due to natural, external, or chemical factors. In addition, this coating is appropriate for new as well as used cars and motorcycles.

Nano Ceramic Coating Benefits – More Than You Expect Ever
Nano ceramic coating like Nasiol ZR53 is suitable for applying on surfaces like car body paint, plastic trims, or bumpers for that matter. Applying the coating is easy too with its one-step application. Some prominent advantages of applying the coating for car paint protection are

Superior Application – One application of coating serves up to three years offering the ultimate shine and fullest returns on the money spent. Surface of the car always look clean and glossy just as it was when you bought the car.
Resistant to Environmental Fallouts – Environmental fallouts or simply speaking bird poop is known to cause damage to car paint. Nevertheless, not anymore, coating like Nasiol ZR53 protects the paint from these damages.

Resistant to Chemicals – Nano ceramic coating is highly resistant to chemicals including the humid and salty climate at seashores. Well, one application of this car paint protection coating has a lot to offer and peace of mind for coming three years too.

Resistant to UV Rays – Car protection coating like Nasiol ZR53 is fully UV resistant and works the same way a sun control cream with good SPF content works for you. Well, you need to apply it daily on your face but only one application of nano ceramic coating lasts for years to come.

Resistant to Water – Water, dirt, and grime are known enemies of the paint surface. However, nano ceramic coating is highly water resistant and does not permit adherence of dirt and grime on the surface. In addition, it requires very less efforts to clean and your car looks fresh forever as it looks after arriving out of a car wash. High gloss finish makes it a noticeable and worth envy ride.

How Much Should Inflate Tires

Short and simple, it is the amount of air, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI) that fills a vehicle’s tires. The right amount of pressure in car tires is important for safety. Tires are a key safety factor in all vehicles, second in importance only to car’s brakes.

Correct tire pressure manages stability, braking and the capacity to take corners safely – all critical aspects of driving safety. On top of this, correct air pressure affects comfort while driving, the lifespan of the tire, as well as fuel economy.

When the pressure is too high, less surface area on the tire touches the ground and the car may bounce on the road. This impacts traction and the ability to stop quickly. All that bouncing also makes the ride more uncomfortable.

On the other side of the spectrum, when tire pressure is too low, more of the tire’s surface area touches the ground than necessary. This generates friction and can cause tire to wear much earlier than normal. They may also overheat.

The worst case scenario with over and under-inflated tires is tread separation. That is when the tire tread separates from the tire’s casing or body. Though this is most common with large cargo trucks, it can happen with standard vehicles as well and often leads to accidents.

Filling vehicle’s tires to the recommended pressure and checking them monthly is important. The recommended pressure is set by the car’s manufacturer and takes into consideration safety, comfort, and wear and tear on the tires.

“Experts agree that keeping the correct air pressure in your tires is as important as giving your engine a tune-up. In fact, the economic benefits may be even greater. With the right amount of air pressure, your tires wear longer, save fuel, enhance handling, and prevent accidents.” – Discount Tire

Find and seek

Finding the recommended pressure for your vehicle can feel like a game of hide and seek. When looking to check and fill their tires, most people locate the number listed on the sidewall of their vehicle’s tire quite quickly. However, that figure is the maximum PSI, not the recommended inflation amount.

The maximum PSI is the very maximum amount of air a car’s tire can hold. That is not necessarily what is best for your car’s tires, or your car.

Recommended PSI

Car manufacturers establish the recommended PSI for vehicle’s tires. The recommended inflation amount is determined by the load the vehicle is meant to carry and the tire size.

Unfortunately, no international organization oversees the standardization of vehicle tires. With no mandated or regulatory requirements in this area, it has fallen on the shoulders of the world’s largest tire organizations to set standards voluntarily. All vehicle and tire manufacturers use these numbers. The recommended tire inflation pressure for most vehicles is 32 psi to 35 psi when cold, which means the car hasn’t been driven in a few hours.

Filling your tires

When filling your tires, remember that the recommended PSI for your vehicle is very likely lower than the maximum pressure listed on your tire. The owner’s manual of your car is the best place to look for the recommended PSI for your car’s tires. If it isn’t in the owner’s manual, check for the tire placard in the glove compartment door, inside of the gas door, or on the inside of the driver’s door.

Maintenance of Classic Cars in Winter

Being prepared

It is every vintage car owner’s nightmare to find the vehicle being affected by corrosion. However individuals are not able to clearly identify issues that can happen on the interior. They only see the exterior of the vehicle and recognize scratches, chips and corrosion. It is no doubt mandatory to correct these issues; however it is also true that most of the problems affect the interior of the vintage cars. The most common issue is the formation of rust caused when air combines with water and steel. It should be noted that the water in the air is also sufficient enough to cause corrosion.

Handling areas difficult to access

The only solution to prevent areas difficult to access from corrosion is by proofing them from rust. The most appropriate way to do this is by applying wax based coating to the interior panels of your classic car. Some areas are harder to access and these require holes to be drilled specifically to reach them. The exterior of the cars can use a bit of the same coating as well. A very common rust causing agent is mud because it comes with a lot of moisture.

Preventing rust from forming

It is necessary to consider a rust treatment that will effectively prevent rust from being formed on your car. All the dirt and mud from your car needs to be room most of so that corrosion can be spotted easily. When the signs of corrosion are spotted early on, it gets very easy to prevent rust from forming.

A good method of preventing rust is by using a rust inhibitor on the stone chips and damaged areas. Once coated with the inhibitor, these areas can be retouched with paint.

Spray Paint Your Car

Before starting, park the car in a well-ventilated area which would make drying easier. Use duct tape and plastic sheets to cover portions of the car which won’t be painted like windows, lights and mirrors. You could also choose to remove these parts. Rub the entire surface of your vehicle with medium-grit sand paper. Ensure that you don’t miss a spot and that the surface is even. Wipe with a dry towel to remove any foreign particles.

Onto the surface of the car, apply a layer of primer. Use a brush to ensure that the primer is spread thinly and evenly. Leave it to dry for as long as it takes, which should not be more than three hours. Using fine grit sandpaper, rub the surface of the car. Do the sanding in a back and forth motion, and ensure that the surface is completely even. Now you can remove any dirt and sand particles using a dry towel.

Before using the can of spray paint, remember to shake it properly. Make sure that the can works well by spraying the paint over some old newspapers before using it on your car. After checking, spray the paint onto the car from the distance recommended by the paint manufacturer. During the first coat, the paint will be a light shade. Do not over spray, and leave the coat as it is. The paint will be evened out later on. After applying the first coat, leave it to dry for an hour or two.

Repeat the same spraying process as earlier two more times for a total of three coats. If you feel that the paint is not dark enough, you can apply an extra coat of paint as well. After you have completed the painting process, leave the final coat of paint to dry for at least three hours.

After it has dried, apply a clear finishing coat using a brush. Use fine grit sandpaper to sand out the surface, and apply another layer of clear finish. Repeat the sanding process with an extremely fine sandpaper to completely polish and buff the vehicle’s surface. Apply one last layer of clear coat, and leave the vehicle to dry.

The painting process has been completed, and you are free to remove all the protective tapes and sheets. Wipe the newly painted surface with a microfiber cloth dipped in polish, to add some extra shine to your vehicle.

Preparing Car for Winter

Take your auto in for a tune up before the first snow fall. Having the peace of mind of a well maintained vehicle all year is an excellent idea, but it’s particularly essential during the winter when driving conditions are impaired.

Ensure you have the right oil for your vehicle. In general, thinner oil like 5W30 works better in cold winter conditions than 10W30 or 10W40, which are thicker. Thinner oils circulate easier, which makes lubrication of your engine easier in cold temperatures. To find the right oil for your specific vehicle, check your owner’s manual.

Keep your gas tank full. A full gas tank lowers the chances of running out of gas and being stranded. In addition, it brings down the possibility that your gas lines will freeze up because of condensation or water vapor buildup in extremely icy climates.

Ensure your battery is in great condition. Being stuck in remote areas and being unable to start your car is dangerous. Check that your battery’s connections are corrosion free and for batteries older than 3 years, consider testing its capacity to hold a charge.

Ensure you keep a winter emergency kit in your vehicle. A well thought out kit can be a lifeline in the event that you are stranded in the middle of nowhere, or on a highway. A high-quality winter kit for your car should include:
No less than one warm blanket.
A flashlight.
A shovel, in case you need to dig out of deep snow.
Additional warm garments, including boots, gloves and caps.
A well stocked first aid kit.
A bag of salt or sand to give you extra traction if you get stuck.
Food and drinking water. Foods with high sugar content are excellent choices.
Jumper cables.
A flare.
Spare windshield wipers.
Extra windshield washer fluid.

Test your tire pressure. Because of the colder air, your tire pressure tends to drop a small amount in the winter. Keeping your tires at the maker’s prescribed pressure makes your vehicle simpler to handle, making you more secure on the road and will even improve fuel economy which will save you money!

Check that your anti-freeze mixture is correct. Your coolant should have a 50-50 mix of anti-freeze and water. If you’re uncertain, you can purchase a reasonably priced anti-freeze analyzer at most automotive part stores. Keep your anti-freeze levels above 50% to prevent leaving your engine susceptible to freezing up.

Think about snow tires. If you tend to get heavy snowfall in your area, it might be worth getting snow tires for your vehicle throughout the winter months. The deeper grooves on snow tires provide substantially more traction on snow covered surfaces, which makes them able to stop your vehicle up to 40% more rapidly than all season tires. As well, snow tires are constructed with a specific type of rubber which lets them to preserve their flexibility even in coldest winter conditions.

Consider replacing your windshield wipers if they are not in good condition. Defective windshield wipers can essentially debilitate your capacity to see in wet and icy climate conditions. If your windshield wipers are not making good contact with the windshield and are not clearing it properly, they should be replaced.

Check your brakes. On the off chance that it’s been over six months since your last brake check, have them checked again before the winter driving season. With the dangerous conditions that winter brings, having the capacity to stop quickly is much more critical than in warmer climates.

Car Noises

Because vehicles are composed of many different complex systems, they have the potential to make a wide range of sounds… “clicks”, “ticks”, “pings”, “bangs” and “pops”… to describe a few. Some are more serious than others. There are a few questions to ask oneself in this situation; where do I hear the noise? What sound is it making? Does it continue when you stop driving? Does it occur during braking or acceleration? Does it happen then the vehicle is motionless? These are good starting points which can point to certain issues – or at least help you to identify which system is in need of a repair.

Exhaust sounds. In most vehicles, the engine is located in the front of the car but the engine’s exhaust travels the length of the vehicle so anywhere along that system, noises can be created through defect or vibration. The further back you hear the noise, the less serious the problem is said to be. So with today’s front-wheel drive vehicles, any noise from the driver’s door to the back of the car (while the car is motionless) would not hinder you from driving to a service station, or home for that matter. Second, if it were an exhaust issue, you would expect to hear low-pitched or high-pitched sounds if the exhaust has a hole or crack leaking exhaust somewhere throughout the system. There may also be a bit of a thump at the same time in a repetitive pulse (due to the opening and closing of the exhaust valves in the engine). If you looked under the car where the leak was emanating from it would be more pronounced. You can drive home, but get it fixed. Leaky exhausts only get worse and believe it or not, can diminish your vehicle’s fuel efficiency and performance, depending on the location of the leak.

Engine sounds. Maybe you’re hearing sounds related to engine issues? A popping sound coming from your car’s tailpipe is a signal that something isn’t exactly right with the engine. It could mean a dirty air filter, dirty or worn spark plugs, bad spark wires, an ignition problem, a clogged fuel filter, water in your gasoline, a bad accelerator pump or power circuit in your carburetor or a clogged catalytic converter. Similarly, if you hear a rattling noise when sitting at a stop sign or stop light that sounds a lot like a box of rocks shaking, then that is another good sign that your catalytic convertor is bad. Also, a popping sound coming from under the hood or the engine could also mean your vehicle could benefit from a tune-up or a sensor might not be working properly. Get to a service station and do not ignore this. Allowing your engine to burn fuel improperly over a long period can cause damage to your engine’s components which can lead to significant repair costs.

Braking noises. Brakes are the most important safety feature on your vehicle, so ignoring any sounds that occur when you’re braking could put everyone in danger. When you have brake issues, you’ll usually hear screeching, squealing or squeaking noises. Do you hear a “clunking” noise? This could signal problems with worn steering system components, the disc brake caliper is not mounted properly or brake hardware is damaged or missing. A squealing noise when braking could mean several things; dirt on the brake rotors, drums, pads, and/or shoes, brake pads and/or shoes are worn, brake pads were overheated and are now glazed, disc brake calipers were mounted incorrectly or have come loose or wear indicator on the pads are contacting the rotor. You may have to install new brake pads, and resurfacing or replacing the brake rotors if necessary, will help ensure you’ll be able to stop safely and quietly without causing further damage to your vehicle.

Squealing noises can also signal other issues, not just brakes. For example, engine belts are considered a “wear item”. This is because they are attached to moving components such as pulleys and suffer a fair amount of friction over time. They also dry out and crack under heavy use or being left to the elements, particularly in dry states like Arizona. The serpentine belt, a drive belt that transfers power produced by the engine’s revolutions to multiple accessories like the air conditioning, power steering and alternator could also be signaling for help. After you drive over time, this serpentine belt can simply wear down and start to slip which causes this obvious squealing sound.

You may also hear noises like pinging or knocking. Although rare, they are not impossible and this usually means an issue with your ignition or fuel system. It could be as simple as the quality of fuel you pumped in the tank which could contain water or an engine in need of a tune-up which is sometimes referred to as “pre-ignition”. To deal with this issue, experts recommend that you not only start filling your tank somewhere else with better quality gasoline, but if the problem persists to get a tune-up (new spark plugs, air filters, etc.) and run a fuel injection cleaner fuel additive through your engine.

Hear more of a gurgling noise? It is one of the stranger sounds, we agree! The majority of the time, your cooling system isn’t doing it’s job. Boiling coolant can be heard from the coolant reservoir and even through the hoses so let your engine cool and check your reservoirs level indicator which will indicate if you need coolant.

When you’re hearing noises is important too. If you only hear the noises while the vehicle is in motion, then you could be dealing with suspension or steering abnormalities (clunks, banks and pops) or possibly drive train issues such as bearings (grinding and vibration). Again, as mentioned above, brakes will make lots of noises when they’re going bad or failing.

Toyo Tyres

Night time is always present in the woods. The trees block every bit of light and help the predators with their hunting. A little girl bearing a red cape runs away from the wolf that has spotted her in its territory. Toyo sees this and distracts the wolf long enough for the little girl to run away to safety. The sidekick pops out from the other end of the dirt path to assist the hero. The wolf will have to find a different dinner tonight.

Meanwhile, a young woman is being enslaved to do her step sisters chores. She is noble, too, and shouldn’t be working this way. She wants to go to the yearly function that takes place in the castle upon the hill. The Toyo guardians drift around the corner and give the noble girl beautiful white shoes that will surely not break. Their magic also gives her a lovely purple ball gown that will make her the most beautiful lady at the dance.

They drift around the wealthier part of town and scare all the nobles because they treat the less advantaged badly. In this part of town, they have benefits such as sunlight and sanitation.

Turning into a darker part of town they see a girl that is freezing from the cold and darkness. Her only request to people is to light her candle so that her family can be warm. Toyo speeds past her fast enough to light her candle. She smiles, thankful that someone has provided her with fire.

The young woman is on her way to the castle in a beautiful carriage pulled along by a white horse. The white horse is a noble steed that is taking her to a happy future. She walks up the marble staircase with her dress flowing gracefully behind her. She meets the prince at the top of the staircase. The prince dances with her and spins her around; showing the young woman that she is the only one for him.

Safely Drive Through a Tire Blowout


A tire blowout is a special kind of flat tire. The side wall has ruptured, leaving a huge tear in your tire that cannot be repaired. While many believe that a blown-out tire is caused in part by over inflation, the true culprit is actually the opposite: tires that are underinflated. It’s not the rubber and steel that makes a tire able to carry the weight of a car and its passengers. It is the air. Without enough air, the components inside the tires flex and heat until it all snaps and a blowout occurs. If the car is carrying a heavy load, then the likelihood of a blowout is compounded. This is why it’s important to regularly check tire pressure. The proper pressure for a car’s tires is listed in the driver’s side door jamb.

Another common way to get a flat tire is by driving on very worn, very old tires. After a while the rubber starts to thin, and a blowout becomes more likely. To see if your tires are too worn, use the penny test. Stick the edge of a penny into your tire’s tread so that Abe Lincoln’s head is hidden by the tread. If you can see the top of Lincoln’s head, then your tires are too worn to drive on. However, if you cannot afford to replace the tire, then try rubbing it with vegetable oil. The oil will moisturize the rubber, allowing it to be more flexible and decrease the chances of a blowout.

What to Do During a Blowout

When your tire blows out, what you absolutely must not do is apply the brake. Because one of your tires is now effectively useless, the brake will be applied unevenly, causing your vehicle to veer. If you’re driving a van or SUV, then it’s quite possible to flip your car by braking during a blowout.

Instead, you need to press on the accelerator after a blowout. This may seem counterintuitive, but when a tire blows out, your car’s speed may suddenly drop due to the drag caused by the flat tire. You must step on the gas for only a moment, so that any cars behind you won’t be surprised by your sudden drop in speed and ram into you.

After you have quickly pressed on the gas, you’ll notice that your car will want to veer in the direction of the blowout. Keep your car steady, let it lose speed gradually, and only when you are going slower than 30 miles per hour should you steer the vehicle to the side of the road.

What to Do After a Blowout

Once you have successfully steered your car to the side of the road, you can start thinking about what steps you need to take next. You should always have a spare tire on hand. Now is the time to change out the flat and continue to the nearest service station. However, you need to make sure there is enough room around your car to freely work in.

Don’t try changing the tire if doing so will put you on the road, and in a dangerous situation from oncoming traffic. If you don’t have enough room to change the tire, or if you don’t have a spare, you need to call a tow truck. Depending on where you are, you may decide to have the truck drop off your car at home or at the nearest mechanic.

A blowout is likely to happen at least once in a person’s life. The important thing to do, above all else, is to remain calm. A blowout is usually accompanied by a loud bang. Don’t let this unnerve you. Follow the correct safety procedures and you’ll be on the road again in no time.

Consider When Purchasing a Classic Car

Determine the model

You do not have to buy a classic car to fill the available space in your garage. It is advisable to have in mind exactly what model and make you want to own. This way you will avoid looking out for the opportunity to just own a classic car. It is unwise to choose the car you come across in the first old cars for sale available in your locality. This is particularly the case if you have no knowledge about classic cars. Take the time to shop around and take a long a professional appraiser who will determine the price of the car by considering the condition of the car, the previous owner, the type of restoration that has been done and much more.

Negotiate the price

Owners of classic vehicles are usually reluctant sellers. In fact, those who have classic cars in their possession have them for a reason. It is possible the car would have belonged to their grandfather. Therefore, the majority of classic cars owners will often sell their possession out of necessity as opposed to desire. Although you can find some sellers who are selling the car for the simple reason of wanting to dispose it, the majority of people do this for the need of ready cash to cater for unexpected bills. Usually, such people will often inflate the prices of their classics. Therefore, be ready to negotiate the price that you are given. However, if you want the car badly, be ready to pay a little more.